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Post Graduate Diploma in Translation Studies
 

UNIT 423-3: STANDARDIZATION AND INSTITUTIONAL EFFORTS

 

423.3.0: AIMS, OBJECTIVES AND STRUCTURE

 

     This is in continuation with the eleventh unit under the Course DTS 411. By reading the present unit, you will be able to achieve the following:

 

1.

This is in continuation with the eleventh unit under the Course DTS 411. By reading the present unit, you will be able to achieve the following:
2. You will be aware of the ground rules that all technical translators know intuitively and will be aware of the principles of term creation.
3. You will be introduced to the history and development of term planning activity at the official level in India
 

This unit will have the following structure:

 
     
  423.1 Introduction
  423.2

Language standardization as a continuing historical process

  423.3

Language standardization as a conscious organized process

  423.4 Language standardization as a part of modernization process
  423.5 Planning a standard terminology for India
  423.6 Multi-equivalence, Standardization and Acceptability
  423.7 The Constraints
  423.8 Linguistic devices for terminological process
 
  423.3.8.1 Indigenous sources
  423.3.8.2 Loan-words
  423.3.8.3 Innovations
  423.3.9 Summary
  423.3.10 References
  423.3.11

Further Readings

   

423.3.1  : INTRODUCTION

 

     The process of language standardization as a linguistic phenomenon is as old as the language itself though it is more often associated with attempts at purification or codification of language. The term has, however, assumed a technical overtone ever since linguists, working on the language problems of under-developed or developing countries in multilingual contexts, developed the notions of language planning and a gave new frames of reference to notions like language modernization, language standardization, language adaptation and language cultivation. (Weinreich 1957, Fishman 1969: 186, Haugen 1979: 243-256, Neustupni 1970: 77-98). Whereas the traditional concept of language standardization is viewed mainly in terms of a natural linguistic phenomenon occurring in the course of development of a language, the new concept of standardization is viewed mainly as conscious organized attempt fulfilling the ends of language modernization in developing countries.

 
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